When did rationing end in Ireland

items such as clothing, food, fuel and tea. Rationing in Ireland continued for years after the war. Read the newspaper articles below about how rationing affected the people of Ireland during World War II. Sunday Independent 9th Feb 1941 Irish Press 30th Sep 193 Petrol rationing didn't end until 1950. Ireland . At the start of the Second World War Southern Ireland held a neutral stance and an 'Official State of Emergency' was declared on 2nd Sept 1939 giving extra powers and control of censorship for papers and correspondence N Ireland rationing from a Southerner's Perspective by CSV Media NI. You are browsing in: Archive List > Rationing. Archive List > United Kingdom > Northern Ireland Because most of Ireland's overseas trade in the 1940s was with the UK. Coal, oil, and manufactured goods moved westwards across the Irish sea, and any blockade of the UK also affected Ireland, which declared a state of emergency at the start of th..

While this photo was taken post-war, rationing in Ireland did not end until 1951. This page has more information on rationing and includes examples of ration coupons. Grafton Street, Dublin, 1946. Pedestrianisation was still a few decades in the future. Grafton Street, Dublin, 1946. Lower Pembroke Street, Dublin, 1946 After World War Two sweet rationing came to an end in 1953, loose sweets sold from jars became popular, while 'space' became a favourite theme in the 1970s. The penny chew had it's heyday in the.. Restrictions were gradually lifted three years after war had ended, starting with flour on 25 July 1948, followed by clothes on 15 March 1949. On 19 May 1950 rationing ended for canned and dried.. For instance bread was only rationed for the first time during the years of 1946-48 and potatoes briefly during 1947. Tea was still rationed until 1952 and then the following year sugar and eggs became freely available as did, finally, cheese and meats in 1954

The Irish Free State came into being at the end of 1922, following the signing of a Treaty with England in December 1921. This Treaty granted dominion status within the British Empire to 26 of the 32 counties of Ireland. It brought to an end the War of Independence, which had commenced against the British in 1919 The End of the Emergency in Ireland. 1945 saw the end of World War 2. The Emergency Powers Act was repealed on 2 nd September 1946. Even though World War Two ended in 1945 it was another six years before rationing came to an end in Ireland on December 17th 1951 This Christmas dinner of rationed goods in 1943 in England was about as lavish as meals could get at the time. Ireland was subject to even more severe rationing of some products - including of tea... Rationing was introduced temporarily by the British government several times during the 20th century, during and immediately after a war. [page needed] [page needed]At the start of the Second World War in 1939, the United Kingdom was importing 20 million long tons of food per year, including about 70% of its cheese and sugar, almost 80% of fruit and about 70% of cereals and fats The Emergency (Irish: Ré na Práinne / An Éigeandáil) was a state of emergency in Ireland in the Second World War, throughout which Ireland remained neutral.It was proclaimed by Dáil Éireann on 2 September 1939, allowing the passage of the Emergency Powers Act 1939 by the Oireachtas the following day. This gave sweeping powers to the government, including internment, censorship of the.

Rationing Across The Nations In World War

Ration book issued to Miss Jane Harvey. This is one of nine ration books salvaged from a skip in the town of Ennis in the early 1990s. During the Emergency, as the Second World War was known in Ireland, every individual was issued with a ration book, and rationing continued long after the end of the war. Commodities rationed during the war. Rationing in Britain did not end completely until 1954, nearly a decade after the end of the war, and the UK was the last country to end rationing. Why rationing and shortages continued after WW2. One reason was certainly that the USA withdrew its support for Britain when a Labour government was elected in 1945 Tag Archives: rationing in ireland during ww2 Life in Ireland during World War Two. Like in the United Kingdom, rationing continued long after the end of the war. Censorship of the press was rigid. Critical commentary was not allowed and no weather reports were printed so, apart from letters which were read and censored, the Sheridans would. Even with rationing in place, as the BBC noted at the time, the citizens of the United Kingdom and Ireland were still responsible for consuming about one-third of all tea grown worldwide. While the British were not subjected to tea rationing during World War I attacks on shipping by German submarines disrupted supplies

On 8 May 1945, the Second World War ended in Europe, but rationing continued. Some aspects of rationing became stricter for some years after the war. At the time this was presented as needed to feed people in European areas under British control, whose economies had been devastated by the fighting Rationing had given rise to the greatest shoe-buying orgy in the history of the nation, the Times huffed. A number of people crowd into a shoe store on the last day for War Ration shoe. By the introduction of rationing in Ireland in mid-1942, though, a booming black market was already in place. Ireland's hungry people were desperate for goods newly unavailable due to wartime disruption. One of the most common gripes was about the lack of tea and tobacco As Ireland struggled to survive World War II in its neutral position and their supply situation became dangerous it was the troop's love of Guinness that saved the day. At nearly one billion. Rationing began on 8th January 1940 when bacon, butter and sugar were rationed. By 1942 many other foodstuffs, including meat, milk, cheese, eggs and cooking fat were also 'on the ration'. This is a typical weekly food ration for an adult: Bacon & Ham 4 oz. Other meat value of 1 shilling and 2 pence (equivalent to 2 chops

Northern Ireland did not exist until 1922, 4 years after the end of World War I. Why did rationing end? In any sane society rationing is only used during a emergency Aug 17, 2016. #14. An inlaw of mine, she was born in England. When she married her Irish husband she came here to live in Dublin in mid 1930's. But during the war she used to send at great expense provisions like butter to her relatives back in England where rationing was far more draconian than here Despite the government's official line, however, the Irish people sympathised with the British and 40,000 Irish joined the British army and over 150,000 worked for the war effort. Nevertheless, the Irish declaration of neutrality brought resentment in Northern Ireland where times had got hard with rationing and blackouts while Eire could still. In recollection,I don`t think the war began to show effects in Wexford until early in 1940 when rationing, curfews and blackouts began to be introduced. Rationing was controlled by a similar. The Irish Army trained us there and at the end of the course we were given the task of a mock battle. Our aim was to get from Mallow to Kanturk while the Irish Army acted as our enemies. We were given British navy guns - Remingtons, Eddistones and Enfields filled with blanks. However, the rationing of petrol was the worst as we ran a.

M.S. London sweet shop assistant putting up notice Sweet rationing ends C.U Another notice, which says. To celebrate the end of rationing! Lavells will give away 250 BAGS OF SWEETS FREE TO THE first 250 Children (Under 14 years) commencing Mon. 25th at 8.30. a.m. Pan down to small girl waiting in queue From RTÉ Radio 1's History Show, Bryce Evans on life in Ireland during the Second World War. Naturally enough, this meant that Irish food production was seriously hamstrung Irish hospital system 'far from being overwhelmed' by Covid-19 Far from drawing up patient-scoring guidelines, Intensive Care Society president says Fri, Apr 3, 2020, 05:5

BBC - WW2 People's War - N Ireland rationing from a

  1. ant fuel in electricity generation. The first coal field opened in Leinster in 1638 and coal continued.
  2. Food shortages and rationing were not only an issue during the Second World War, as this food queue in Reading during the First World War highlights. The need to queue was lessened when rationing was introduced during 1918. Rationing also ensured equality of food distribution. In Russia and Turkey the distribution of food broke down
  3. The end of the war saw additional cuts. Bread, which was never rationed during wartime, was put on the ration in July 1946. It was not until the early 1950s that most commodities came 'off the ration'. Meat was the last item to be de-rationed and food rationing ended completely in 1954
  4. ant confectionery market share. They seemed unassailable. 1939 saw the opening of the 750th shop. The firm still had a postbag full of recommendations for new towns. Rival retailers found the prices hard to beat, especially as.
  5. For example, in 1917 The Irish Times published a table of food values in Mollly Bawn's Column. The aim was to show how to make up the required 2,500-3,000 calories despite rationing of.
  6. The 23rd of June 1958 AD. After the end of WWII rationing became tougher, rather than as had been expected, and certainly hoped, easing off. The British may have been hungry, but much of Europe was starving, its infrastructure and economy smashed in the drive to rid the continent of the Nazis

In 2014, the use of electricity in Ireland was split between different end use sectors as follows: industry (38.9%), residential (31.9%), commercial (19.1), public sector (7.6%) and agriculture (2.3%) with minor electricity use in transport (LUAS, DART etc.). In 2016, Eirgrid reported the generation mix for the month of April Weather Northern Ireland weather forecast: Hotter temperatures to make a return at end of August It may be time to get planning for sunnier days! Breaking: Fire Service and Police called to South. Nursing Homes Ireland is slamming what it's calling a rationing of personal protective equipment in nursing homes. It's concerned a recent memorandum issued by the HSE outlined the potential rationing of further PPE. Chief Executive of Nursing Homes Ireland, Tadhg Daly says its vital nursing homes get this equipment

Why was there rationing in Ireland in WWII? - Quor

  1. The last time the UK had a rationing system was during World War II, when the government introduced it in 1940. It was slowly lifted after the end of the war in 1945, but didn't finally end.
  2. The Cholera Epidemic in Ireland in 1832. When Cholera struck Dublin it quickly spread into an epidemic because the city was overcrowded with slums. It was a very frightening time for the people because everyone around them were dying within hours of getting the disease. Dublin in Ireland during the spring of 1832 was very mild and wet
  3. Thanks for the lovely words. Yes, I am tremendously proud of dad (and mum). Good, decent, modest, quiet, hard-working people (like so many of their generation). Indeed, when I left Ireland in 2008, I prepared a video tribute in memory of what would have been my father's 80th birthday (in 2009)
  4. Food rationing, as what was mentioned above, went on even after the war ended. In fact, two food items which never went on ration during the war, bread and potatoes, went on ration after WWII. Rationing officially ended in 1954 after cheese, meat and all fats came of ration. WWII-like rationing Tips. Tips on making the Most out of Leftover

Fadó Fadó: Irish Memory: Old Dublin Photographs (1946

  1. Caning, a form of corporal punishment once prevalent in the United Kingdom, was abolished in all British schools by 2003. It was first banned in all British state schools in 1987. England and Wales banned caning in all schools in 1998. Scotland did not follow suit until 2000, and Ireland was the last of the United Kingdoms to ban school caning.
  2. develop the statutory skills requirements of the Northern Ireland Curriculum at Key Stage 4 as well as the rationing system worked effectively between 1939 and 1941and it was not until 1945 their place of work until the end of 1944 Bombing campaigns did not break the German people's morale entirely . 10 . Activity Two
  3. With the freeing of butter in May 1920 and sugar in Nov. 1920 rationing came to an end. The foregoing sketch applies only to Great Britain. No rationing of meat or fats was attempted in Ireland, but a sugar distribution scheme, on the lines of the first British scheme, was put into force in Ireland by the Irish Food Control committee under.
  4. Getty. Irish soldiers faced stigma and shame when returning home from fighting in the Second World War, according to a book published in 2012. The book, Returning Home, is by the young Galway.
  5. How long did rationing last after World War 2? Fourteen years of food rationing in Britain ended at midnight on 4 July 1954, when restrictions on the sale and purchase of meat and bacon were lifted. This happened nine years after the end of the war
  6. The Covid-19 restrictions are being gradually relaxed in Northern Ireland - since it first saw hospitality open its doors on April 12. The measures have been taken from the Executive's Pathway Out.

Sweets through the ages timeline shows how - Irish Mirro

as did the construction of military bases and airfields. Harland and Wolff, for example, one of the United Kingdom's biggest shipyards and a pillar of Northern Irish industry, more than tripled its workforce by the end of the war, becoming an important manufacturer of ships, tanks and landing crafts The Food Rationing Program in the United States began in 1942 as an attempt to ensure the soldier fighting had enough food to survive. The war ended in 1945 but the rationing did not end until 1946 Ireland's mother and baby homes have been receiving plenty of attention in any case, because of the Tuam mother and baby home at which 800 babies died over the almost 40-year course of its history. It closed in 1961. At first, we were led to believe that the babies had been buried in a septic tank. We now know this is not the case Clothes rationing began on June 1, 1941, two years after food rationing started. Clothes rationing ended on 15 March 1949. Clothing ration book - Can you spot the two books for children? Why were clothes rationed during the war? There was a shortage of materials to make clothes

BBC ON THIS DAY 4 1954: Housewives celebrate end of

  1. He did, however, tell Sky News that another emergency measure could be necessary: rationing. Although petrol was briefly rationed in the 1970s, food has not been controlled in the UK since 1954
  2. Coupons and Rationing During World War II. During World War I, rationing was a voluntary movement, and the United States government relied on Americans to voluntarily restrict their consumption of goods and commodities as a part of the war effort. After the United States entered World War II, the government approached this conservation differently
  3. Mar 3, 2019 - DUBLIN DOWN MEMORY LANE: Coles Lane, Off Moore Stree

The Rationing Years in Britain 1939 - 1954 - Flashba

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Aug 22, 2019 - Dublin History ~ Riddles Row off Coles Lane looking towards Parnell Street #Dubli TP O‟Neill identified 1925 as the end of the era of famine‟, the year when the Irish government felt confident enough to abandon the rhetoric of famine suffering as a political weapon. But after Fianna Fáil assumed power a few years later, in 1932, the government instituted a number of economic policies derived from early, radical Sinn. President Franklin Roosevelt created the Office of Price Administration in August 1941. Its main responsibility was to place a ceiling on prices of most goods to prevent wartime price gouging, and to limit consumption by rationing. Everyone, including children, was issued a ration book, each of which had a certain number of rationing points per. NHS made secret pandemic plan to deny care to elderly. Strategy drawn up by NHS England following 2016 pandemic planning exercise was designed to stop hospitals being overwhelmed. The NHS drew up.

What was Ireland Like in The 1930s & 1940s - Rural Irelan

Petrol rationing had come to an end . No longer did you need coupons to fill up. Driving just for pleasure was once more a possibility. The traffic was still light, and the open road lay ahead for motorists . 11 Petrol Rationing Ends Like many narrow-gauge railways in Wales, the Talyllyn Railway was built to carry slate . The slate traffic fell. Why did the Celtic Tiger crash? In September 2008, Ireland became the first eurozone country to officially enter recession. The recession was confirmed by figures from the Central Statistics Office showing the bursting of the property bubble and a collapse in consumer spending that terminated the boom that was the Celtic Tiger

Ireland During World War 2 and The Emergency - LetterPil

World War Two had finally come to an end just four months' before with the surrender of Japan to General MacArthur in Tokyo Bay. Although Éire had been neutral in the conflict, it was a time of austerity, shortages, and rationing. Most people just wanted to put it all behind them and get on with their lives Food rationing for troops began at the beginning the war. Rations varied widely. British soldiers, for example, were provided with 1.25 pounds of fresh meat or 1 pound of salted meat daily. They were also provided with vegetables, bread, cheese, sugar, tea, condiments and tobacco. A German soldier was provided with 13 ounces of meat daily Rationing continued even after the end of World War II; indeed, when the Queen came to the throne in 1952, sugar, butter, cheese, margarine, cooking fat, bacon, meat and tea were all still rationed. Rationing did not actually finish until 1954, with sugar rationing ending in 1953 and meat rationing in 1954

Fadó Fadó: Irish Memory: Old Dublin Photographs (1946)

Empty tea cups: Living without tea in WWII Ireland

And our reader himself admits that many of the suppositions about German forces in the Irish Republic may be down to the very German-looking uniforms used by the Irish at the time but which were. The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, believed that the dead returned to earth on Samhain. On the sacred night, people.

Things I wish I knew before applying for a mortgage in Ireland. Getting approval for a mortgage in Ireland is a trickier process than I had anticipated. I naively thought that with a secure job, a down payment at the ready, and an ability to show that I pay my bills on time, I'd have little hassle in getting the mortgage I needed 1950 - End of petrol rationing in Northern Ireland 1972 - The Special Criminal Court, with three judges and no jury, is set up in the Republic 1980 - Derry band The Undertones reach No. 1 in the UK charts with My Perfect Cousi The History Learning Site, 20 Apr 2015. 8 Jul 2021. The black market was a response to rationing that was introduced during World War Two. While illegal, the black market became a driving force in the Home Front especially in the cities - for those who could afford the prices Coupons, Clothing and Class: The Rationing of Dress in Ireland, 1942-1948. This chapter discusses migrant fiction in British and Irish literature. The end of the Second World War and the. Main Page: De Valera and Fianna Fáil This unusual question appeared on the 2009 Higher Level paper, and could appear again in either paper in the future. The first thing to keep in mind about it is it's asking you to pick Northern or Southern Ireland. We'll go with Southern Ireland (the Irish Free State in other words) because there's a little more to write about there

Rationing in the United Kingdom - Wikipedi

  1. By the end of April meat, butter, cheese, milk and margarine had also been added to the list. Ration books were issued to households in July 1918 and everyone had to register with a local butcher and grocer. The scheme continued after the war: meat was rationed until 1919 and rationing didn't finally end until 1920
  2. This day in history, May 5: Wartime sugar rationing begins in the United States. Today is Wednesday, May 5, the 125th day of 2021. There are 240 days left in the year
  3. Examples include the United Kingdom for almost a decade after the end of World War II, North Korea, China during the 1970s and 1980s, Communist Romania during the 1980s, the Soviet Union in 1990-1991, and Cuba today. This led to rationing in the Soviet Union, in Communist Romania, in North Korea and in Cuba, and austerity in Israel

The Germans did formulate a plan for the invasion of Ireland known as Fall Grün which would have no doubt resulted in the British lead Plan W, the counter invasion of Ireland. Also see Plan Kathleen ( BBC )(perhaps named for Kathleen Ni Houlihan , the spirit of Irish nationalism), an IRA sanctioned plan for invasion of Northern Ireland The Stigma of Tuberculosis in Ireland. In the many areas of Ireland like Dublin the disease of TB could be fatal in the mid 1940s. It was not till around the late 1950's in Ireland that it started to decline. Many people mistakenly assumed you caught it because you were unclean so there was always a stigma attached to the illness Dr. Seuss's commentary on the final negotiations between the United States and Japan before war, published November 28, 1941. photobucket. While the convention in the West is to see the German invasion of Poland in September 1939 as the beginning of the Second World War, the war in Asia actually began much earlier with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 Rationing. The idea of rationing was alien and it was felt that a system of voluntary restraint would be sufficient. In March 1917, J. Hollister wrote to his father 'things in London beginning to be serious, no potatoes to be had, sugar almost unobtainable, meat and cheese 1/6, butter 2/4, bread 11d.

Downloadable (with restrictions)! Ireland is one of the few countries worldwide to have an explicit cost-effectiveness threshold. In 2012, an agreement between government and the pharmaceutical industry that provided substantial savings on existing medications set the threshold at €45,000/quality-adjusted life-year (QALY). This replaced a previously unofficial threshold of €20,000/QALY The rationing system and, after the U-boat threat was largely defeated, food from America meant that Britons did not go hungary. Briton also benefited from a bountiful 1917 wheat harbest. At the end of the War, food consumption in Brition was close to pre-War levels The end result was a rigidly controlled WW2 brought shortages of goods and manpower, distribution system with tight control on pricing structures. and restrictions The Second World War brought price controls and rationing 10 on entry to the trade. Irish grocery wholesalers came to control over In the mid 1990s the liberalisation of. Rationing didn't suddenly start at the beginning of the Second World War since it took time for the war to bite, nor did rationing suddenly stop at the end of the war since it took many years to recover.. September 1939 marked the start of the war. For a 1939 newspaper from the Daily Mirror/ Sunday Pictorial, the normal number of pages was between 16-20 for the Daily Mirror and 20-28 for the. 4 Responses to Make It Do - Gasoline Rationing in World War II. Kathy West Jul. 18, 2017 . This reminds me somewhat of the gas shortages and rationing in the 1970s, although the situation during WW2 seems more severe. I wonder if there were any provisions for mass transit vehicles

Round 9: Historical landmarks in the UK Picture Quiz. Questions and answers about British History. Round 1: British History Trivia Answers - General Knowledge. Round 2: British History General Knowledge Multiple Choice Quiz Answers. Round 3: British History - True or False - Answers. Round 4: British Monarchs Quiz Answers Ireland and the International Reaction to Jewish Refugees, 1933-9, in Michael Kennedy, Joseph M. Skelly (eds.): Irish Foreign Policy 1919-1966 (Dublin, Fourt Courts Press, 2000), pp. 116-136 (p. 125). 26 For a survey see Wills, That Neutral Island, pp. 237-242, 246-53, and Evans, Ireland During the Second World War. 27 See Maurice Craig in. Rationing During the Second World War, the British government introduced food rationing to make sure that everyone received their fair share of the limited food that was available Food rationing started in 1940 and ?nally ended in 1954. A system of food rationing to ensure fair distribution of available food In his new book True to the End: A Diary of an Irish Construction Worker, due to be self-published this summer, he documents not only his personal journey but also that of the forgotten Irish — the hundreds and thousands of Irish men and women who were forced to immigrate to Britain in the 1950s.. The 79-year-old, now based in Falkirk, Scotland, embarked on a new life in the English. At the End, Offering Not a Cure but Comfort. Sean O'Mahony, a palliative care doctor, with a patient, Deborah Migliore, in the Bronx. Credit... Deborah Migliore was pushed into a small.

9. BILL says: 20 Jun 2009 08:30:04 PM Correction #6 May 25,2009 Rationing: Food and fuel shortages continued after the end of World War II, rationing did not end until 1954, by which time even bread was rationed. However, the postwar years saw the start of the Welfare State, with such benefits as free health care and family allowances. Did you know: By the time the wae ended the number of. Carbon rationing offers you a lifestyle choice. You don't have to go green on everything, you can choose. The alternative, he says, is an almost despairing attempt to get the world to.

In January 1918, the government launched a national sugar rationing scheme. People were not allowed to buy more than one pound of sugar per week. Rationing was also extended to include butter and margarine, fresh meat, bacon and tea. Debates and Controversies of World War 1. Despite winning the war, Britain and her Allies lost a lot of soldiers By the end of 1917 resentment was rising against the better off who could still afford the rising prices and could also use the black market if necessary. In January 1918 the government introduced rationing. At first it was limited to the Home Counties in the South East of England. By April most of the country was covered

3. Ireland was bombed - most serious bombing was of the North Strand in May 1941 - 34 killed. The bombing turned out to be a mistake for which Hitler apologised and paid for the rebuilding of the North Strand 4. Sean Lemass was Minister for Supplies during the War. Rationing of food, clothes, petrol and footwear was introduced because of shortages 1 1 Rationing in the United Kingdom, as reported in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2 2 BBC - h2g2 - World War Two Rationing in Britain. 3 3 Rationing in the United Kingdom: Wikipedia. 4 4 Bakeryinfo.co.uk: 120 years of Hovis history. 5 5 Email from June Solntseff, dated May 2, 2009. 6 6 Florence Greenberg's Cookery Book: pub. The Jewish Chronicle, London, 194

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The Emergency (Ireland) - Wikipedi

Did Germany invade Ireland? The Nazis allocated 50,000 German troops for the invasion of Ireland. An initial force of about 4,000 crack troops, including engineers, motorised infantry, commando and panzer units, was to depart France from the Breton ports of L'orient, Saint-Nazaire and Nantes in the initial phase of the invasion May 28, 2016 - Old Dublin Corporation Weights & Measures Office, Harry Street, Dublin De-Rationing. Food rationing lasted for 14 years in Britain, from 1940 until 1954. Rationing continued even after the war ended: Meat rationing continued for 10 years after D-Day (June 1954) In 1946, when food was just as short as during the preceding years, bread was added to the ration and the sweet ration was halved At least eight people in Iran, including a teenage boy, have been killed during a deadly crackdown on protests over severe water shortages, according to Amnesty International

70 1940s The Way We Were ideas | irish history, ireland

History Irelan

Economic development During World War II, many initials' problems were highly overcome. This was because of a simple reason; the reality of war had sunk in, and the government had to respond quickly to the new demands. There was a rapid decrease in the unemployment rate by the end of 1940, and massive full employment was achieved by 1944. In Northern Ireland, female employment in particular. Government-funded Department of Health websites did not feature in the top five results for Dublin searches allergy testing, food allergy, or food intolerance in either 2015 or 2019. Conclusions The Irish public demonstrates a keen interest in seeking allergy-related information on the web In the aftermath of the Second World War (1939-45) the young men of Britain were called up to meet new challenges faced by the nation in a rapidly changing world. National Service, peacetime conscription, was introduced in 1947 for all able-bodied men between the ages of 18 and 30

Rationing and World War One - History Learnin

Even as the Irish settled in New York City, Chinese and Japanese immigrants settled in California. That planted the seeds of a rivalry that led to two entirely different places insisting that they had been the original inventors of the fortune cookie as we know it today. According to one story, it was invented by David Jung (head of Los Angeles's Hong Kong Noodle Company) in 1918 Trick-or-treating's growth forecast was temporarily slashed thanks to the inconvenient outbreak of World War II in 1939 and associated sugar rationing, but once that little snafu had been.